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Notes on video lecture:
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
information, Woman, greenhouses, continents, fail, perfectible, Europe, inventions, out, Mestizos, Wollstonecraft, economic, varied, Pardos, Agricultural, political, passions, skin, universal, equals, repackage
people in the 18th and early 19th century had to consider what they wanted to do with all this new information, artifacts, discoveries, and                     
new                        came in from far-flung corners of the world
a challenge of this age was to                    this information and derive new laws which made sense of it all
new kinds of institutions to organize knowledge
1838: Royal                          Society of England
motto "Practice with Science"
promote the scientific development of agriculture
created                        for new plants coming back from the discovery voyages
physician associations
attach the new methods of science to commerce and derive laws for what makes economies flourish and         
Adam Smith
1776, book: "The Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations"
four volumes in all
he's referring to the wealth of all nations
explored the laws of human behavior
an epic struggle within the soul of every man trying to channel his                 
men's passions had to give way to self-interest
the goal was to set up conditions so that the operations of the "invisible hand" could take place
this was seen as a new faith, a faith in reason, a break with faiths of earlier ages
new governments
a sense that we can take the scientific method and apply it to finding better ways to organize humans into                    entities
Enlightenment thinkers generally believed that humans were                       
had political ramifications
not only men
Mary                              argued that women were able to reason as well
if women are left out of this movement, how                    can the laws of the Enlightenment be
1792 "A Vindication of the Rights of           "
reminding people that this new universalism was leaving people       
that these universal claims were disguises for creating new patterns of social stratification which did not include everybody as             
beyond the boundaries of             
"man" turned out to be a very              creature which put strains on the "universal" claims of the Enlightenment
people become increasingly associated with          color
an effort was increasingly made to catalog people, to organize people in the Americas and people from parents with different colored skin and from different                     , inventing a category for every sort of mix of people:
the Casta Paintings
create new demographic categories
Indios (Amerindians)
                 (mixed Amerindian and White)
Castizos (White with some Mestizo)
Cholos (Amerindian with some Mestizo)
             (mixed White, African, and Amerindian)
Mulatos (mixed African and White)
Zambos (mixed Amerindian and African mix)


######################### (1759-1797)
Eighteenth-century English writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's rights, best known for A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792)
  • wrote novels, treatises, a travel narrative, a history of the French Revolution, a conduct book, and a children's book
  • she argued that women were not naturally inferior to men, but appeared to be so only because they lack education
  • she suggested that both men and women should be treated as rational beings and imagines a social order founded on reason
  • she died at the age of thirty-eight, ten days after giving birth to her second daughter, an accomplished writer herself, as Mary Shelley, the author of Frankenstein

Spelling Corrections:

Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies