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Notes on video lecture:
The First World War
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
mass, empires, global, total, even, fiscal, jingoism, calvary, Balkans, anxieties, adversary, changed, industrial, equal, imperial, Napoleonic, Lusitania, choke, funding, apex, Russia, colonies, Ottoman, rivalries
August 1914
didn't destroy a world that was at its          of civilization, but rather an arrangement that was already
in trouble
beset by                   
plagued by                    between regimes
plunged into the first truly              war in a century
since the                      Wars into Russia and Egypt
war went global for one fundamental reason
1. it was a war between global               
2. a war of          societies
already organizations that implied that entire societies were going to be inducted into war, i.e.            war
will have to mobilize riches from their                  as well as from citizens at home
the old world regimes would have to harness energy from new world resources
sparked by a conflict in the               
where the struggles were most intense between rival European and Middle Eastern powers
Hapsburg vs.                empire
an archaic confrontation
it was caused by ramped up                  rivalry
free-trade empires locked in rivalries with each other
put more resources into defense structures
spiraling upwards as              military states
the gap between expectations and what happened
that people would see some initial decisive victory on the battlefield and that the war would be over by Christmas
with mass communications being used,                  was whipped up to high levels
combatants: 65 million
            : 15 million
Germany: 10.6 million
France: 8 million
Britain: 5.25 million
it turned out to be a long, protracted war for three reasons
1. the balance of forces were remarkably         
had not calculated that the interlocking mechanism made quite            adversaries
by 1917 the war efforts had grounded to a stand still
2. the nature of war had               
the old universe of                men clashing with each other, artilleries supporting set-piece battles from behind the lines leading to a one or two day battle that would end with victory for one side or the other
what the combatants discovered was that heavy investment in military could halt even the most powerful army
led to                     -scale killing
advent of barbed wire
introduction of machine gunning
the introduction of chemical weapons
armies could get stopped or mowed down in the process of their attacks
there was no more gentlemanly hand-to-hand combat
one doesn't even see one's                   
3. the targeting of non-combatants
1915 the sinking of the British                    by a German submarine
1915 Zeppelin bombing raids of London
total war meant total destruction
9 million casualties
vast resources were being spent to            economies
submarines became a routine practice
one reason the entry of the U.S. was significant was that it helped to form a more effective blockade of Axis powers
all countries had problems with scarcities and inflation
economic warfare was a financial war
the country that had the most difficulties                its war efforts was Russia
Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars