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Notes on video lecture:
Confucius and Holistic Education
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
inside, colors, kind, sadness, limits, mind, Liszt, care, frustrated, moral, music, state, transcendence, catchy, think, handwriting, shooting, impudence, instrument, Zhou, side, Funérailles, shallowness, habits, strength, virtue, diagnostic, emotions, chimes, mortality, life, bowing, approve, sports, beautiful, shaping
the arts in education
modern Western view of arts
something you do on the         
an optional extra
or Confucius, the arts are crucial in                people
and the most important art for Confucius was           
the term for music: yue [yeah]
very broad
music
playing an                     
singing
dancing
whereas observing ritual changed you gradually by developing              to change the way you feel and think
music could go directly inside your soul and shape how you feel and           
two way connection
can also serve as a direct expression of what you are feeling on the             
a diagnostic use in the Confucian scheme
Analects 3.25
Shao music: "It is perfectly                   , and also perfectly good."
expressed a kind of            perfection
Wu music: "It is perfectly beautiful, but not perfectly good."
of King Wu
you can discern its beauty and                 , but there is something off about it because it is martial
has an element of using force
rejected military force as something positive
Analects 14.39
The Master was playing the stone              in the state of Wei.
Man passes by and says, "Whoever is playing the chimes like that certainly has something on his         ."
listens for while
says, "How despicable is this petty stubbornness, if no one understands you, just tend to yourself."
Confucius is                     , and people can tell in the music
you can tell something about the moral state and the moral character of them when they play music
music is                     
the story where the Book of Odes comes from
folk poetry that was sung
         kings had an official whose job it was to go around and listen to people as a diagnostic
modern example
Dr. Brandon Konoval plays           's Funérailles
frustration
outraged                   
what we have here is an example of a composer who using the inherent bell-like or chime-like characteristics of the piano to create a sport of kaleidoscope of             
the sense of physical motion
but also interested in a feeling or a cluster of feelings centered around frustration, and what could be more frustrating than our own                   
music is often engaged with the idea of                            of some kind
in Western tradition, one thing that often happens is composers reflecting on their              of their powers as musicians
we can hear this a piece of music such as                                      is endeavoring to capture our feelings can be about the mechanics of the music itself, and a range of feelings that one might experience
certainly                is there, lamentation, but also a sense of frustration at having someone precious taken from you, perhaps a feeling that there's an outraged impotence if you will
Confucius was very careful about the          of music you listened to
Yan Hui, Confucius' favorite disciple, asked about running the           
Confucius: as for music, listen only to the Shao and Wu, prohibit the tunes of Zheng, for it is licentious, and keep glib people at a distance, for they are dangerous
Zheng music had a              beat, it made people want to dance, and it led to licentiousness in young people
the tunes of Zheng were like Elvis Presley or rap or punk
any kind of music parents don't                of
the art forms that you surround yourself with do have an effect on you
if you surround yourself with                       , violence and superficiality, it's not implausible to think that this will create shallowness, violence and superficiality in you
the idea that we should          about the kind of music we listen to, the kind of art we look at, seems a bit old-fashion these days, but it is not an unreasonable idea at all
Confucius and the arts
help shape you as a person
both shaping and expressing functions
certain             
archery
discipline
ritual deference
it's not just a bunch of people                  at a target
there's a certain order
there's              to people at certain times
how to play well with others
interact well with others
physical disciplines
metaphor for         
you want to hit the target
to hit the bulls-eye serves as a metaphor for hitting the mean in moral life
you don't want to shoot to short or long but in the center
you want to hit the center of             
calligraphy
having proper                       
expressing yourself in writing
board games
go
all have something to teach you
Confucian education
rites: behavior,                 
classics: thinking, expression
music & arts: emotions

Vocabulary:

denouement, n. the climax of a chain of events, usually when something is decided or made clear  "We'll talk about the denouement of this story later, he even quotes from the odes."

Spelling Corrections:

kleidoscopekaleidoscope
caligraphycalligraphy

Ideas and Concepts:

Confucius on music, via this afternoon's Ancient Chinese Philosophy class: "The modern Western view of the arts is often that it is merely something you do on the side, an optional extra. For Confucius, however, the arts were crucial in shaping a person, and the most important art was music, which included everything from singing and dancing to playing an instrument. Whereas observing ritual changed you gradually by developing long-term habits which slowly altered the way you feel and think, music could go directly inside you to shape how you feel and think, and yet it was a two way connection as well, serving as a direct expression of what you are feeling and thinking on the inside to communicate to others."
Modern equivalents via tonight's Ancient Chinese Philosophy class: "For Confucius, music was diagnostic:you could tell something about people's moral character and state of mind as they played music. The Zhou kings even had officials whose job it was to travel throughout the country and listen to music that the people would play on their instruments or the songs they would sing in the fields or going about their daily lives, in order to get a sense of the state of morale of the Zhou kingdom. Perhaps a modern equivalent of this is the Chinese government's monitoring of weibo.com, the Chinese messaging system and equivalent of Twitter, to get an idea on what sentiment on the ground is throughout the nation."
On Liszt's Funérailles via this evening's Ancient Chinese Philosophy class: "What we have here is an example of a composer who is using the inherent bell-like or chime-like characteristics of the piano to create a sort of kaleidoscope of colors, the sense of physical motion, but Liszt is also erupting a cluster of feelings centered around frustration, as what could be more frustrating than our own mortality, this piece being an expression Liszt's at the death of three friends who died in the failed Hungarian uprising against Habsburg rule in 1848. Music in general is often engaged with the idea of transcendence of some kind, and in Western tradition, one thing that often happens is that the composer is reflecting on the limits of his power as a musician and the emotions associated with this. In Funérailles, certainly sadness is there, and lamentation, but also a sense of frustration at having someone precious taken from you, a feeling of outraged impotence."
On the effects of music via this evening's Ancient Chinese Philosophy class: "Confucius was very careful about the kind of music one should listen to. Confucius' favorite disciple, Yan Hui, once asked Confucius about the best way to run a state, and Confucius replied, '...and as for music, listen only to the Shao and Wu, prohibit the tunes of Zheng' as Zheng music had a more steady beat and people would often dance to it, which Confucius believed led to licentiousness in young people. This ancient idea of Confucius is not at all new to anyone living today in our Western culture, as depending on when you were born and who your parents were, Zheng was Elvis Presley, the Beatles, Punk, Heavy Metal, or Rap. The idea behind this warning is that the art forms you surround yourself with will have an effect on you. And if you surround yourself with e.g. shallowness, superficiality, and violence, it's not implausible to think that this will create shallowness, violence and superficiality in you. The idea that we should care about the kind of music we listen to may seem a bit old-fashion today, but it is not an unreasonable idea at all."
The Definition of Religion
Mind/Body Dualism and Cognitive Control
Deontology, Utilitarianism, and Virtue Ethics
Wu-Wei, Dao, Tien and De
The Shang Dynasty (1554-1045 BC)
The Beginnings of Written Chinese History
Eastern Holistic Thinking and the Paradox of Virtue
The Golden Age of the Western Zhou (1046–771 BCE)
Philosophical and Conceptual Innovations in Zhou Thought
Confucius and the Analects
Confucius: I Transmit, I Do Not Innovate
Confucius' Use of Ritual as a Tool
Confucius' View on Learning vs. The Enlightenment
Confucius and Holistic Education
Confucius and the Art of Self-Cultivation
At Home in Virtue
Non-Coercive Comportment, Virtue, and Charisma of the Zhou
The Transition to Becoming Sincere
The Primitivists in the Analects
Laozi and the Daodejing
Laozi: Stop the Journey and Return Home
Laozi and The Desires of the Eye
Laozi: He Who Speaks Does Not Know
The Concept of Reversion
Laozi on Shutting Down the Prefrontal Cortex
The Guodian Laozi
Mozi and Materialist State Consequentialism
Mozi's Idea of Ideological Unity
Mozi's Doctrine of Impartial Caring
Mozi's Anti-Confucian Chapters
Mozi's Religious Fundamentalism and Organized Activism
The Language Crisis in the Warring States Period