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Notes on video lecture:
1780s France Financial Crisis and its Repercussions
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
twice, royal, king, taxation, advisory, undermine, Caribbean, Indian, Lamoignon, 175, required, permanent, Chesapeake, double, General, Notables, roofing, doléances, act, literate, Tuiles, tumultuous, costs, together
two major political events that affected France leading up to the French Revolution
1763: After French and              War, French expelled from North America and being reduced to its key colonies in the                   
1776: France aided America in the War of Independence from Britain
its actions in 1781 were crucial to the American colonists because the French navy effectively blockaded                      Bay where major British forces were and forced their surrender
victory at last against its British rivals has enormous           
the cost of the war per year was about            the revenue that the French government would take in taxes
creates a major financial crisis for the French monarchy
Louis XVI takes action
1787 Meeting of the Assembly of                 
failed: don't want to pay more takes on property, for instance
1787 Parliament of Paris refuses to register            reforms
17888                    fails to reduce power of parliament
nobles were of the opinion that Louis XVI was trying to                    ancient rights
1788: Journée des              in Grenoble
royal troops marching to the city are pelted by                tiles
Louis XVI decides that trying to force the noble courts to reform is not going to work
therefore, Louis calls a meeting of the Estates               
a body that hasn't met in        years, a meeting of the three orders: clergy, nobility, and commons
it is only an                  body, but a move that electrifies public opinion
1788: Louis XVI decrees that representatives for the Third Estate will be              that of the other two estates
focuses public debate on this question
when they gather, will the three estates meet individually or                 
whether or not there will be one common assembly or not, electrifies opinion
it's not about the          anymore, "it has become a war between the third estate and the other two orders"
rural cultures
a world that is oral rather than written
early 1789:
the king makes it plain:
every community is to draw up a "cahiers de                                 " (list of grievances)
representatives will take these to Versailles to inform the king
for the first time in history, common people are not only allowed to voice their opinion, but they were                  to do so
example: Erceville,
the people of Erceville, or at least the male heads of household gather in a meeting place near the church and write down, or at least have a                  man write down, their grievances
mostly grievances about                 
they want the Estates General to become a                    feature of public life in France
March 1789
elections of the Estates General take place
these gatherings are                      affairs
many peasants assumed and believed that because the king asked them to send him their grievances, that he was going to        on them


######################### (1741-1820)
English writer on agriculture, economics, and social statistics, known mostly for traveling throughout France around the start of the French Revolution describing the condition of the people and the conduct of public affairs
  • campaigner for the rights of agricultural workers
  • 1792: book "Travels in France"
  • 1793: appointed secretary to the Board of Agriculture
  • considered the greatest of English writers on agriculture

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An Introduction to the French Revolution
The Essentials of 18th Century France
18th Century French Clergy and Nobility
The Importance of Regionalism and Locality in 18th Century France
The Contribution of the Philosophes to the French Revolution
What were People of 18th Century France Reading?
The Atlantic Democratic Revolution and the Republic of Letters
1780s France Financial Crisis and its Repercussions
The Third Estate in Revolt
The Peasantry in Revolt
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
The October Days
1789-91: Making the New Nation
Unresolved Issues of the Revolution
The Turning Point in Church Reform