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Notes on video lecture:
The Peasantry in Revolt
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
revenge, socialized, great, Paris, common, seigneur, wheat, Cahiers, rents, deputies, rural, stewards, 1788, paintings, Lefevbre, accentuated, documents, Young, rumors, 1614, riots, harvest, Nation, staple, resonated
two early events of the Revolution encouraged and raised hopes of            France that their condition might change
1. the drawing up of the                de doléances
2. elections of the Estates-General
the first meeting since          of the French Estates-General, a general assembly representing the French estates of the realm: the clergy (First Estate), the nobles (Second Estate), and the              people (Third Estate)
state of rural France before Revolution
people are living at the end of a                crisis
price of            is increasing
wheat and other cereal crops is the              of rural people
1788-1789 food           
adds to the sense of urgency
1789 Arthur            visits Lorraine
his diaries are a rich source of information about this time
encounters poor woman who says, "it is said, at present, that something was to be done by some            folks for such poor ones"
July 1789, the time when the new harvest is just about to be brought in
it looks good, unlike the harvest of         
people are expectant
they are also anxious because they have heard about the events in           
they feel that these events might lead to acts of                by the privileged orders
news of the storming of the Bastille reaches the country side
almost simultaneously, panics fanned out
1932, historian Georges                  wrote about this in "The Great Fear of 1789"
the garde champêtre
rural police patrolling the countryside
saw people who they thought were up to no good, suspected them to be in the pay of the royalty or the nobles, thought they might e.g. cut down wheat to make the harvest worse
thought this was the first sign of the nobility of enacting revenge on the commoners for the boldness of their                 
             were spreading at "four kilometers per hour" across the countryside
rumors become more                        and exaggerated with distance
e.g. "a couple of people who were cutting down wheat in the village" becomes "whole battalions are destroying the wheat fields across the countryside"
rural communities arm themselves however they can
they aren't allowed to bear arms, that's a noble privilege
they arm themselves with pitchforks and farm implements
they get ready for attacks that never come
when the attacks don't come, they begin the next stage of the French Revolution, the Grande Peur
across most of the country, the chateau belonging to the                  are besieged
they didn't set chateaus on fire as is often shown in                   
but they besiege the chateaus
take nobles or their farm                  hostage
insist that they give them food and wine
but they also do more:
August 2, 1789: Duke of Montmorency wrote that peasants had carried off and destroyed the                    which stipulated the dues and            which they owed, and they wrote an acknowledgement of what they did, signed "The             "
somehow debates of 1788 and 1789 had                    into rural communities across the country
peasants who had been                      into a position of difference and social respect for their betters
had transformed their political identity to the extent that they could say, "We are the nation"

Spelling Corrections:

privelegedprivileged
beseigedbesieged
An Introduction to the French Revolution
The Essentials of 18th Century France
18th Century French Clergy and Nobility
The Importance of Regionalism and Locality in 18th Century France
The Contribution of the Philosophes to the French Revolution
What were People of 18th Century France Reading?
The Atlantic Democratic Revolution and the Republic of Letters
1780s France Financial Crisis and its Repercussions
The Third Estate in Revolt
The Peasantry in Revolt
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
The October Days
1789-91: Making the New Nation
Unresolved Issues of the Revolution
The Turning Point in Church Reform