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Notes on video lecture:
The Temple of Jupiter OMC
Notes taken by Edward Tanguay on January 17, 2014 (go to class or lectures)
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
4th, chief, plain, Athena, Etruscan, staircase, Lazio, cella, Minerva, Capitoline, rectangular, Sketches, 509, wood, Michelangelo, Etruscans, outside
Temple of Jupiter OMC
       BC building of the temple commenced
                   were ascendant (768BC-264BC)
Etruria
area of Italy north of Rome
now Tuscany,           , and Umbria
any, Lazio and Umbria
unique language
D. H. Lawrence's                  of Etruscan Places and other Italian essays
used power to gain ascendancy in Rome itself
period of Etruscan kings
           temple of ancient Rome, and the most important Etruscan temple
dedicated to the Capitoline [CAP-i-tol-lighn] Triad
Jupiter, Juno, and               , or
Minerva
daughter of Jupiter
Roman goddess of wisdom and sponsor of arts, trade, and defense
equated her with the Greek goddess             
we will see see them honored in other temples as well
when it honors these three, it has an effect on the architecture
had a strong impact on late Roman temple architecture
                     Hill was the religious center
appearance
quite a bit of evidence
still standing in        century AD
burned down several times
each time rebuilt in new style
                       structure
free standing columns inside
single                   
gives building a focus (front)
Roman architecture if very much an architecture of facades
back wall is           
cella
central space in temple
three parts for each god
tall podium, over 4 meters tall
altar located                the front of the temple, the priest would officiate outside
materials
         for columns and superstructure, same as Palatine huts
mud and brick for podium and walls
terracotta (earthenware)
Parthenon in Athens vs. Temple of Jupiter OMC
in building Temple of Jupiter, Romans picked and choose from Greek and                  temples
Greek temples
sit on lower podium
stairs encircle entire building
single           , never triple
built out of marble, magnificently, whereas Romans were using wood
when Romans used stone, it was under the influence of Greek architecture
what is left of the Temple of Jupiter OMC
the podium is left
made in the ashlar masonry style
Capitoline Hill
redesigned by                         , created the oval piazza and all three palaces there
Capitoline
the conservatory
the senatorial palaces
today serve as two museums
books:
Book tip via this morning's Roman Architecture class, D. H. LAWRENCE AND ITALY: SKETCHES FROM ETRUSCAN PLACES, SEA AND SARDINIA, TWILIGHT IN ITALY: "In these impressions of the Italian countryside, Lawrence transforms ordinary incidents into passages of intense beauty, a collection of travel writings first published posthumously in 1932. Lawrence contrasts the life affirming world of the Etruscans with the shabbiness of Benito Mussolini's Italy during the late 1920s. Those who have read Lawrence's fiction will recognize his writing. He describes what he encounters with a visceral language: people, clothing, food, establishments. Some of the places are stunning and some so filthy you wonder how he could have stayed overnight. These essays are classics. Etruscan Places almost single-handedly revived modern interest in the Etruscans and was essential to the preservation and study of their tombs and paintings. Throughout, Lawrence is sensitive and insightful. An added patina to these works is the fact that they were written in the 1930s during the build-up toward WWII. There is an immediacy mixed with nostalgia here that is compelling." http://www.amazon.com/D-H-Lawrence-Italy-Sketches/dp/0141441550 ##etruscan

Spelling Corrections:

masonarymasonry

Flashcards:

who made up the Capitoline Triad
Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva
difference between Parthenon and Pantheon
Parthenon: Greek temple on Athenian Acropolis dedicated to Athena, Pantheon: temple in Rome commissioned by marcus Agrippa during reign of Agustus as temple to all gods of ancient rome, rebuilt by Hadrian, 126 AD
Romulus Founds Rome
The Temple of Jupiter OMC
The Servian Wall of Rome
Temple of Portunus in Rome and Temple of Hercules in Cori
The Increasing Greekification of Roman Temple Building
Opus Caementicum and Opus Incertum
Porticus Aemilia
Temple of Jupiter Anxur at Terracina
Tabularium and Theater of Marcellus
Bathing, Entertainment, and Housing in Roman Cities
Roman Tombs, Aqueducts and the Lasting Impact of Roman Architecture
Julius Caesar's Vision to Make Rome the Architectural Equal of Alexandria
Augustus and Luna Marble
The Forum of Augustus and the Temple of Mars
Ara Pacis Augustae
The Meier Museum and the Jewel of the Lungotevere
Tiberius' Villa Jovis on Capri
Caligula, Lighter Concrete, and the Underground Basilica
The Significance of Nero's Octagonal Room on Roman Architecture
Hadrian's Pantheon
The Flavian Amphitheater a.k.a. the Roman Colosseum
The Temple of Venus and Roma
The Arch of Titus
The 79 AD Ruins of Herculaneum
Early History of Pompeii