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Notes on video lecture:
Tabularium and Theater of Marcellus
Notes taken by Edward Tanguay on January 29, 2014 (go to class or lectures)
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
annular, condominium, Incertum, barrel, paths, 78, Marcellus, hillsides, Apollo, archives, cavea, ashlar, Augustus, Forum, north, round, Ionic
Tabularium
     BC
used to house the state                  at that time
by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (120BC–77BC)
situated on the            side the Roman Forum, on the south side of the Capitoline Hill
today the Tabularium is only accessible from within the Capitoline Museum, but affords an excellent panoramic view over the           
Michelangelo, when building the Senatorial Palace on Capitoline Hill, did what is so often done by Roman architects, incorporated the Tabularium into the palace, made it the back wall of his palace
made out of concrete
decided not to use Opus                 
used cut tufa stone
columns for pure decoration
you can go inside the Tabularium
corridors
panoramic window down over the Roman Forum
ramps and steps
goal was to vary the experience as you walk through the building
predetermined            through a building
Theater of                   
13 BC
                 put it up under great grief that Marcellus, his nephew, died
main reason the building has survived is that it was reusedover time
as a fortress in Middle Ages
as a palace in the Renaissance
as a                        today
in the Jewish ghetto area of Rome
Temple of              outside it
Roman theater components
          : seatings
decided into wedge-shaped sections, cuneus [koo-NAY-us]
scaenae frons: main building of theater
Greek theaters were prototype
Greeks built them on                   
Romans were more urban in their theater building
used concrete to build artificial hill
made of concrete faced with stone
travertine
more expensive from Tivoli
             blocks of stone
arcades interspersed by decorative columns
Doric for first story,            for second story
probably third was corinthian (like on Colloseum)
in building
             vault
travertine piers
               vaults, same annular vaults used in Colloseum
compared to Greek theaters
differences
Greek:            orchestra, Roman: semi-circle
Greek: on hilltops, Romans: on hills made out of concrete

Vocabulary:

travertine, n. [TRAV-er-teen] a form of limestone deposited by mineral springs, especially hot springs, exists in white, tan, and cream-colored varieties  "This stone, called travertine or tufa, is a product of permanent natural activities created by natural dissolution and sedimentation of calcium."
capital, n. in architecture, the top part of a pillar or column  "The capitals are done in travertine."
appurtenance, n. [ah-PER-ten-ants] something added to another, more important thing  "spandrals and other necessary appurtenances of the arcade can be seen"
spandrel, n. the space between an arch and its rectangular enclosure  "Between the spandrels is the keystone, on which there stands a female on the East side and a male on the West side."
domical, adj. shaped like a dome  "domical ceilings"
annular, adj. shaped like or forming a ring  "an annular vault is sometimes called a ring vault"

Flashcards:

street in Rome from Colosseum to Piazza Venezia where marathon starts, built by of Mussolini from 1924-1932
Via dei Fori Imperiali
Romulus Founds Rome
The Temple of Jupiter OMC
The Servian Wall of Rome
Temple of Portunus in Rome and Temple of Hercules in Cori
The Increasing Greekification of Roman Temple Building
Opus Caementicum and Opus Incertum
Porticus Aemilia
Temple of Jupiter Anxur at Terracina
Tabularium and Theater of Marcellus
Bathing, Entertainment, and Housing in Roman Cities
Roman Tombs, Aqueducts and the Lasting Impact of Roman Architecture
Julius Caesar's Vision to Make Rome the Architectural Equal of Alexandria
Augustus and Luna Marble
The Forum of Augustus and the Temple of Mars
Ara Pacis Augustae
The Meier Museum and the Jewel of the Lungotevere
Tiberius' Villa Jovis on Capri
Caligula, Lighter Concrete, and the Underground Basilica
The Significance of Nero's Octagonal Room on Roman Architecture
Hadrian's Pantheon
The Flavian Amphitheater a.k.a. the Roman Colosseum
The Temple of Venus and Roma
The Arch of Titus
The 79 AD Ruins of Herculaneum
Early History of Pompeii