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Notes on video lecture:
The Servian Wall of Rome
Notes taken by Edward Tanguay on January 18, 2014 (go to class or lectures)
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Gallic, polygonal, seven, voussoir, quarries, irregular, imperialistic, stretchers, survived, ashlar, north, wood, Servian, Jupiter, incorporated, Falerii, millenia, Termini
very many structures were built after the Temple to               
however, very little of these                  from this period
fires destroyed them, as many were made out of         
many buildings became                  for architects using them as a source of stone
any city that has been inhabited for two and a half                  is obviously going to lose many of its structures over time
some of them that survived best are those that were                          into other buildings
386 BC:              sack of Rome
but most structures would have been destroyed in the year 386 BC anyway
group of Gallic tribes, the Galls
came down from the           
destroyed everything in their path
destroyed Florence
set Rome ablaze
one of the only buildings still standing was the Temple of Jupiter
after this, Romans learned to wall their cities
post 386 BC wall construction
               Wall
started 378 BC
most important wall
4th century
stone circuit
around the entire            hills
some parts of the wall are still visible, e.g. at Stationi               
brought in tufa from Etruscan citiy of Veii, 16 KM NNW of Rome
very weathered today
system of headers and                     
header: short side out
stretcher: long side out
blocks are regular
             masonry, opus quadratum
Rome had                            ambitions
began to build colonies in Italy, close to Rome itself
built mini Romes
recognized that they also needed to be protected, and so built walls in these cities as well
many                    masonry
               Novi
50 km north of Rome
241 BC founded as colony
walls 200 BC
greatest master work
one of the earliest arches
                 blocks: wedged shaped for arch
Romans capitalize on using the arch for expressive purposes
town planning
started with colonizing around Rome
Cosa
3rd century BC
roughly a square
forum in the middle
a capitolium: temple for Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva
Ostia
castrum (plural: castra)
buildings or plots of land reserved for or constructed for use as a military defensive position
Rome, in contrast, grew as a very                    city
flaschards
blocks shaped as wedge for stone archway
voussoir blocks
kind of masonry of Roman Wall
ashlar masonry, opus quadratum
Romulus Founds Rome
The Temple of Jupiter OMC
The Servian Wall of Rome
Temple of Portunus in Rome and Temple of Hercules in Cori
The Increasing Greekification of Roman Temple Building
Opus Caementicum and Opus Incertum
Porticus Aemilia
Temple of Jupiter Anxur at Terracina
Tabularium and Theater of Marcellus
Bathing, Entertainment, and Housing in Roman Cities
Roman Tombs, Aqueducts and the Lasting Impact of Roman Architecture
Julius Caesar's Vision to Make Rome the Architectural Equal of Alexandria
Augustus and Luna Marble
The Forum of Augustus and the Temple of Mars
Ara Pacis Augustae
The Meier Museum and the Jewel of the Lungotevere
Tiberius' Villa Jovis on Capri
Caligula, Lighter Concrete, and the Underground Basilica
The Significance of Nero's Octagonal Room on Roman Architecture
Hadrian's Pantheon
The Flavian Amphitheater a.k.a. the Roman Colosseum
The Temple of Venus and Roma
The Arch of Titus
The 79 AD Ruins of Herculaneum
Early History of Pompeii