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Notes on video lecture:
Branches of 20th Century Psychology
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
scientific, clients, Albert, fork, backlash, science, engineer, Freud, unrest, theoretical, average, computers, clinical, intelligence, groups, behaviorism, potential, concrete, altruism, subconscious
Freud's                  and subliminal focus on human nature created a          in the disciple of psychology
psychology had been developing as a                      discipline which studied the conscious mind
Freud shaped it toward the study of pathology, of mental disorders with an emphasis on the                          mind
later Freud's theories developed more into theories on human behavior, but there was a                  from psychologists who felt that Freud's theories couldn't be tested
how did psychologists react to Freud
there were many followers of Freud
however, other               -focused psychologists felt they had to be more disciplined and became more scientific
led to                       , or SR psychology: Stimuli/Responses, things we can manipulate and things we can measure precisely
what happens in between is not important
example
             experiment (1920): proved that you could condition a child to fear another distinctive stimulus which normally would not be feared by a child, i.e. if baby approaches furry animal, scientists would bang on metal, eventually the baby was afraid of furry animals
baby also reacted in fear to things that were furry
conclusion was: through arbitrary association, a human can learn to become scared of things that he ordinarily would not be scared of
Split in psychology
clinical psychology
about treatment of mental disorders
experimental psychology
generally inquisitive about human nature
problem with this behaviorist approach was that it was restrictive
the way out:                    being developed and becoming more and more accessible in the 1950s and 1960s
what computers did was analogous to what humans did: took input, processed it, and produced output
if you were an                 , you could change how input turned into output
whereas memory was a very abstract notion before, computers now gave us a                  example of how a type of memory in a type of thinking machine could work
computer made talking about behaviorism much less                       
if learning leaves a measurable trace, we can talk about it scientifically
cognitive psychology
interested in the                individual, general human abilities
social psychology
these developments came at a time of civil             : the Vietnam War, racism, hippies, the communist threat
the influence of others, the influence of society
how              work
still focused on the average human in terms of a social group
individual psychology
studied                         , why and how to influence it
personality comparisons
how stable are our personalities
cross-cultural psychology
takes the culture in which people live into account
there isn't a human behavior but a culturally-bound behavior
perhaps there is a way that culture determines how people think
positive psychology
a kind of clinical psychology but moved away from           
proposed by psychologists looking at Freud's theories based on sexuality and aggression and wanting not to concentrate only on the negative and dark sides of the human condition
studied empathy, creativity, and                 
a clinical approach not focused on disorders but on helping individuals reach their maximum                   
a positive psychologist doesn't talk about the people he sees as patients but               , and they think of themselves more in the sense of a financial planner but instead of helping you build a strong financial strategy, helps you lead a mental healthy, productive and creative mental life.
Biological psychology
with new devices we can now watch the brain in action
1600-1850: Psychology Emerges
Psychology Before Freud
Sigmund Freud: The Fork in the Road
Branches of 20th Century Psychology
Observational Research and the Rosenhan Experiment
Knowledge Association
Theory of Mind