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Notes on video lecture:
Knowledge Association
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
taller, profound, cheeseburgers, enlightening, strong, money, reward, related
people often tell us about associations between two variables which seems                  or important
example: on radio, the more                            one eats, the lower the chance that you'll dye of cancer
eating a large amount of cheeseburgers increases the likelihood of dying of a heart attack, and if you die of a heart attack, you can't die of cancer.
association in information can be                          but its important that the consumer of this information knows the limits
the power of the marshmallow
experiment was a series of studies in the 1970s in which children were offered a choice between one small              (a marshmallow) provided immediately, or two small rewards if he or she waited until the experimenter returned after 15 minutes. In follow-up studies decades later, the researchers found that children who had been able to wait longer for the preferred rewards tended to have better life outcomes, as measured by SAT scores, educational attainment, body mass index, and other life measures.
does it give you more answers or raise more questions?
scatter plots and correlation
tallness/attractive relationships
18 year old women
the             , the more attractive they felt
correlation can be strong (0.7) or weak (0)
13 year old women
the taller, the less attractive they felt
correlation can be              (-0.7) or weak (0)
when there is no causation
numerous studies show the taller you are, the more            you make
are those who choose employees for higher-paid salaried positions more bias toward tall people?
there are all sorts of factors that can cause two variables to be               

Spelling Corrections:

marshmellowmarshmallow

Ideas and Concepts:

Thoughts on causation vs. correlation via tonight's Psychology class: "Not only have studies shown that taller people make more money, an average of $789 more per inch per year, but also the taller you are, the more likely you are to become President of the United States."
The Stanford marshmallow experiment via tonight's Introduction to Psychology class: "The Stanford marshmallow experiment was a series of studies in the 1970s in which children were offered a choice between one small reward (a marshmallow) provided immediately, or two small rewards if he or she waited until the experimenter returned after 15 minutes. In follow-up studies decades later, the researchers found that children who had been able to wait longer for the preferred rewards tended to have better life outcomes, as measured by SAT scores, educational attainment, body mass index, and other life measures."
From the important-missing-information department via tonight's Introduction to Psychology class: "I heard on the radio that scientists had determined that the more cheeseburgers you eat, the lower chance you have of dying from cancer. Ironically, this turns out to be true. But the reason it turns out to be true is that the more cheeseburgers you eat, the higher chance you have of dying of a heart attack, and if you die of a heart attack, you can't die of cancer."
1600-1850: Psychology Emerges
Psychology Before Freud
Sigmund Freud: The Fork in the Road
Branches of 20th Century Psychology
Observational Research and the Rosenhan Experiment
Knowledge Association
Theory of Mind