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Social Mobility and the Examination System in Late Imperial China
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
sociology, paper, Weber, jinshi, wealth, Qin, capitalism, Yuan, 500
Max            (1864-1920)
German sociologist, philosopher, and political economist whose ideas influenced social theory, social research, and the entire discipline of                   
studied the religions of China with regard to the apparent non-development of                      in the corresponding societies, as well as to their differing forms of social stratification
Imperial China
major dynasties
       Dynasty (221BC-206BC)
Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD)
Tang Dynasty (618-907)
Song dynasty (960-1279)
         Dynasty (1271-1368)
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)
social service examinations
one of the many gifts of Imperial Chinese civilization to world civilization besides           , gun powder, and Chinese cuisine, was a system of objective social service testing, which in the Chinese imperial system provided approximately half of the government positions: about half of the positions were given to people based on heredity and             , and half were given to people based on examination success.
three-step ladder of success
500,000 shengyuan
16,000 juren / 35,000 gongsheng
4,000 jinshi
all 51,624 have their name on display in the Beijing Confucian Temple
elite social mobility
1% per of adult males
10% of examination-level educated adult males
0.1% of adult males
1% per of adult males
0.01% of adult males
0.1% per of adult males
data collection
done mainly by Ping-ti Ho in the 1960s
go information on social background of the people who passed these exams
category A: no degree holder in the last three generations (90%)
category B: one or more shengyuan in last three generations (9%)
category C: one or more high degree than shengyuan in last three generations (1%)
his findings shows that for the first        years, most Jinshi had no family background of ancestors having been Jinshi
China in the 14th century was far more mobile than other countries from then up into the 20th century
Jiang Qin (2012) results showed also that it was ability more than wealth of family which generally led to success
Social Mobility and the Examination System in Late Imperial China