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C O U R S E 
A History of the World since 1300
Jeremy Adelman, Princeton University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
Notes taken on September 19, 2018 by Edward Tanguay
in 1918, Woodrow Wilson arrived in France to help put together a peace that would put an end to all wars
worried whether the Russian Revolution could spread
the victors discussed this peace in the shadow of disease and economic troubles
personal tragedy behind the scenes
Woodrow Wilson's daughter Margaret had gotten the influenza
came close to dying in a hospital in Brussels
influenza was affecting Wilson's aid, and also French Prime Minister George Clemenceau, British Prime Minister Lloyd George
the world leaders were groping for new principles
was a political scientist at Princeton
governor of New Jersey
the role intellectuals are playing in thinking about public policy
these principles were presented in fourteen points
had a fear that as old regimes would collapse, radical new regimes would emerge
after 1917
a concern for the contagion of Communism
Lenin promised an end to war by creating a new socialist utopia, for all oppressed people
there could be no peace without everyone being beneficiaries of the new order
in October of 1917 the old Russian regime capitulated
but there was a kind of civil war behind the lines
Bolcheviks called for the support from different nationalities in what used to be the Russian Empire
Lenin argued that capitalism was the source of the problem for minorities
Lenin's communism was attractive to colonies
the rest of the world had to respond to this
Wilsom saw in Lenin someone who had to be responded to
14 points
what would be the new principles of peace
particularly in Russia and Germany
we had to prevent Bolshevism from spreading
the contagion of Communism
open trade
open agreement
self determination
liberal democracy
liberal democracies that can trade with each other won't fight
Woodrow Wilson's liberal utopia
the Leninist and Wilsonian models posed a challenge to the Old World of the 19th century
how to reconcile a world of former empires
1919: the end of empires all broken up into different nation-states
Ottoman Empire
Russian Empire
German Empire
Austria-Hungarian Empire
former colonies would enjoy sovereignty
but how to govern these
many were not ready for self-government
became protectorates of the winning side
Wilson was an optimist and idealist
but he had blind spots
disappointed in his own allies inability to share in his principles
British and French quarreling
French insistence that Germany pay a heavy penalty
Wilson saw this as petty
faced with national interests
Wilson had a series of strokes toward the end of his presidency
downplayed it
the 30 years of world war
1914-1918 was the first phase
the Treaty of Versailles was a truce, not a peace
it only put a temporary end to the conflicts of Europe itself
planted seeds of future conflicts
1919-1944 second phase