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C O U R S E 
History of Rock, 1970-Present
John Covach, University of Rochester
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
The Uniqueness of James Brown
Notes taken on June 5, 2015 by Edward Tanguay
the two founding fathers of funk and black pop in the 1970s
1. Sly Stone
2. James Brown
came out of 1950s into 1960s
groove-based approach
interesting kind of aggressive yet absolutely non-threatening vocal approach with outrageous phrases as the key lyric
you wouldn't listen to these songs to be edified by the lyrics
these are not singer-songwriter lyrics, where the instruments line up in a mathematical way but that makes it sound like it is heartless and cold but that's far from what it is
everything sort of locks together in an intricate arrangement just filled with feel and James Brown and his band is certainly the ones for establishing the model for this where Sly Stone was coming from when he was putting his group together
1965: Papa's Got a Brand New Bag
1965: I Feel Good
extended and increased his interest in Funk during the 1970s, plenty of horns, focus on the groove
1970 Super Bad
1974 The Payback
#1 R&B hit
written for a Blaxploitation file for "Hell Up in Harlem"
rejected for being the same ol' James Brown song
George Clinton
the most obvious influence of James Brown in the 1970s
his groups:
blends the stylistic elements of James Brown
and the business approach of Berry Gordy
became a kind of impresario, assigning his groups to different labels
born in New Jersey, moved to Detroit in 1960s
did some work for Motown
due to dispute about "Parliaments", he called them Funkadelic
after court case was resolved, he had two groups
Parliaments: more commercial
Funkadelic: more experimental group to try out new, crazy ideas
1970 Osmium album
1974 Up for the Down Stroke
Casablanca label
also managed KISS
1974 Mothership Connection
Tear the Roof Off the Sucker
celebrates the roof
stage show
space ship that came down
sophisticated theatrics for the early seventies
there was always a sense that they were just having fun with these ideas
Average White Band
a group that played in the same genre as Sly Stone, James Brown, and George Clinton, but a group you would hear on FM radio
formed in Scotland in 1972
1974 album AWB was a number one album in the United States
Pick up the Pieces, a #1 hit single
1975 Cut the Cake
stood for what white listeners though must be going on in black pop