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C O U R S E 
Roman Architecture
Diana Kleiner, Yale University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
The Increasing Greekification of Roman Temple Building
Notes taken on January 21, 2014 by Edward Tanguay
Temple of Vesta in Tivoli
beautifully situated
built 80 BC
a round temple and temples of Vesta were round so tended to be called by scholars "Temple of Vesta"
this is as Greek as we have gotten so far
Greeks liked round temples
round structure
low base
free-standing columns
Temple of Vesta in Tivoli has higher podium
staircase on on side, so has a kind of facade orientation, some Etruscan characteristics
is of the Corinthian order, last of Greek orders
supporting a frieze
used concrete for the cella
Corinthian capitals
spiral volutes
much smaller
acanthus plant, grow all over Italy
while Greeks used Doric and Ionic exclusively, Romans decided that the Corinthian capital is their capital for their columns
looks the best from the most vantage points
Doris order is severe
Ionic order looks good only from certain angles
coffering of the ceiling, series of square elements to give an appearance of depth in the ceiling
146 BC, Romans had already put up a temple near the Tiber that was made entirely of marble, imported marble
Romans were building more and more ornate temples
some conservatives of the time were bemoaning that the Romans had moved away from Etruscan temples of mud-brick and becoming too ostentatious
"Let us feel that conflagration to have been the will of heaven, and its purpose not to destroy the temple of Almighty Jupiter, but to demand of us one more splendid and magnificent."
this meant: more Greek, more Greek looking, more marble, even Sulla stole 15 meter columns from Athens to rebuilt the Temple of Jupiter
the goddess Vesta
goddess of the hearth, home, and family
symbolized by the sacred fire that burned at her hearth and temples
Greek equivalent: Hestia