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C O U R S E 
History of Rock, 1970-Present
John Covach, University of Rochester
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Rock and Roll in the Second Half of the 1970s
Notes taken on November 23, 2015 by Edward Tanguay
Progressive Rock in the 1970s
King Crimson
1974 disbanded
Peter Gabriel left the band after "The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway"
after a search for a singer, they decided to use the drummer, Phil Collins
1976 A Trick of the Tail
Genesis continued on without any real disruption
although Peter Gabriel fans won't agree
but this was true at least as far as the commercial health of the group
Emerson, Lake & Palmer
1977 "Works", Vol 1 and 2
last big shot
Jehtro Tull
1977 "Songs from the Wood"
1977 "Going for the One"
even Rolling Stone hailed this as the return of the band after a long pause
Rick Wakeman was back again
other groups that blended Progressive Rock
more prog heavy, more radio friendly
1977 "Leftoverture"
"Carry On Wayward Son"
1978 Point of No Return
"Dust in the Wind"
out of Chicago
led by Dennis DeYoung
1977 "The Grand Illusion"
addition of Tommy Shaw into the group
"Come Sail Away"
great vocals
guitars were more blues rock than what you would find in most progressive rock
heavy guitars
classic sounding keyboards
pop oriented to the vocal hooks in the song forms which will now fit to this now increasingly constrained but much bigger world of FM rock radio in the second half of the 70s
Canadian band from Toronto
Geddy Lee
Neil Peart
Alex Lifeson
the biggest group to push progressive rock in the second half of the 70s
"Fly by Night" 1975
1976 concept album 2112
important point of arrival for that band
1980 "The Spirit of the Radio"
1981 "Tom Sawyer"
one of the last songs to be unusually long for radio play
one drawback
just when they were coming along with long, elaborate songs, radio was constraining even groups like Yes so they couldn't get their long songs onto the radio
but they always had these hits that permeated FM radio
British Bands of 1970s
Alan Parsons Project
Alan Parsons was a recording engineer for Beatles and Pink Floyd
did recording for "Dark Side of the Moon"
1977 "I, Robot"
Electric Light Orchestra
run by Jeff Lynne
takes the Beatles songs with strings idea
"Strawberry Fields Forever"
"I am the Walrus"
"Glass Onion"
turned it into their own style
in 1995, when the surviving Beatles got back together, Jeff Lynne did the production on the new tracks
George Harrison, the Traveling Willberries
1975 Eldorado
"Can't Get It Out of My Head"
Freddie Mercury
guitarist Brian May
observing traditional principles of guitar voice-leading
guitar solos
1976 "A Night at the Opera"
"Bohemian Rhapsody"
has gone on to be one of those songs like Stairway to Heaven
became emblematic as 1970s rock
eclectic approach to different styles
such as Paul McCartney was doing
in the first part of the 70s they were fronting bands
Bob Dylan
second half of 70s very active
1975 "Blood on the Tracks"
"Tangled Up in Blue"
a feature of rock radio and the rock world
turned to a Christian religious perspective toward the end of the 1970s
he often remade himself in this way
Elton John
1975 "Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy"
"Somebody Saved My Life Tonight"
1975 "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"
1975 "Philadelphia Freedom"
Paul Simon
1977 His "Greatest Hits"
"Slip Slidin' Away"
1980 "One Trick Pony"
"Late in the Evening"
disappointing effort commercially
the accompanying movie flopped
although it had an interesting story, touring around in the movie with a band
included many of the most musically sophisticated songs he had done up to that point
Billy Joel
Long Island New York
1973 "Piano Man"
his version of Harry Chapin
1977 The Stranger
"Just the Way You Are"
atmospheric ballad until it turned into a wedding band classic
Jackson Browne
out of L.A.
1972 "Doctor my Eyes"
1978 "Runnin' On Empty"
Bob Seger
goes back to the 1960s
1977 "Night Moves"
Bruce Springsteen
New Jersey
1975 "Born to Run"
a mixture of Bob Dillon meets Phil Spector meets the Rolling Stones
was just getting started
this period, the last half of the 1970s, can be see as a synthesis of previous styles or a homogenization
an interesting period in which Rock music is refined and made lean and mean and compact
becomes so homogenized because it is shooting for the big album, that it loses its visceral effect
too many of the sharp corners are sanded down
too radio friendly
Rock and Roll had been neutered
no longer had the edge, commitment, and authenticity that it had in the first half of the decade