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C O U R S E 
The Rooseveltian Century
Giles Scott-Smith, Universiteit Leiden
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
The Three Roosevelts
Notes taken on January 27, 2016 by Edward Tanguay
the three Roosevelts
provide a particularly interpretation of U.S. history
changing role of the United States in the world through the 20th century
1. Theodore Roosevelt
26th president of the United States
pointed the way for the country to become a world power
2. Eleanor Roosevelt
Theodore's niece
became the most prominent First Lady in U.S. history
championed social justice
pursued a global human rights campaign
3. Franklin Roosevelt
became 32nd president in 1932
led the U.S. through the Great Depression and World War II
three themes that they share
1. security
both Theodore and Franklin set out a powerful vision of the United States as a new world power
both were secretaries of the Navy before becoming president
both understood naval power as a key to global influence
Theodore ensured the building of the Panama Canal
sent the Great White Fleet to circumnavigate the world to show goodwill and U.S. military might
Franklin oversaw the build-up of a vast military apparatus on land, see and air during WWII
under his leadership, national security took on a new meaning
extended the power of government to ensure greater social security
lifelong humanitarian achievements
was chair of the United Nations Human Rights Commission
2. equality
Theodore called for a square deal
domestic program formed upon three basic ideas:
conservation of natural resources
control of corporations
consumer protection
1930s New Deal
introduction of social security
support of trade unions
immense public works projects
female emancipation
minority rights
needs of the poor
rejected laissez-faire economics to politics of intervention
sought to overcome the inequalities that undermine social cohesion and divided the nation
3. freedom
Franklin Roosevelt's Four Freedoms speech
January 6, 1941
laid out an ambition vision for everywhere in the world
universal education
all citizens should have access to learning since only an educated citizenry could sustain a democratic political system
believed in the necessity of executive privilege
to promote and protect the freedoms of the ordinary citizen