More notes at http://tanguay.info/learntracker
C O U R S E 
Sexing the Canvas: Art and Gender
Jeanette Hoorn, The University of Melbourne
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Soldiers, Chivalry, and Men of Feeling
Notes taken on August 14, 2016 by Edward Tanguay
Gainsborough's portrait "Lieutenant General Edward Ligonier"
shows relationship between man and beast
"it was possible to judge a Gainsborough's portrait as if it were a living person"
we have the sense when confronting one of his paintings that we are confronting someone personally
e.g. going about their daily business on the streets of Bath, where Gainsborough lived
imparted the compassion of his subject, human and animal
and their ability to express fine feelings
Gainsborough remarked in a letter to one of his sitters
he was sorry that his sons had not found favor with the picture
that they were hoping to see more brilliancy in the eyes
but Gainsborough said that instead of brilliancy, he aimed to convey in the eyes tenderness and humanity expressive of goodness
relationship between animals and humans
in dog's in particular
reflects his own attitude to animals
a highly sensitive individual and a non-conformist
having been brought up in the low church
influenced by the sermons that his father read in their own church
Gainsborough took up the church's drive against the cruelty to animals in a determined way
painted in the late 18th century
Cartesian theory was asserting a strong influence
was opposed to Descartes' mechanistic views
believe that animals were also intelligent, emotional beings
his views were democratic and anti-anthropocentric
the 18th century gentleman was often represented with his hound
often though of symbolic of aristocratic masculinity
painting: Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch
has both his arms around his loving hound
the dog sits up straight staring at the viewer
a man of sensibility
a lively and delicate feeling, a quick sense of the right and wrong in all human actions and other objects considered in every view of morality and taste
the expression of sensibility
John Locke, Francis Hutcheson, and Adam Smith
in poetry, literature, and images
regarded the moral regulation of society during a period of great change
when industry, commerce, and the disruption of rural life threated to upset civil society
the poor were naturally objects
Gainsborough represented them in a compassionate way
Cottage Door in San Marino
18th century Britain
had attained a level of elegance and liberty to rival ancient times
sensibility was a means to express one's moral sense in a cultural refinement
a hallmark of a person with the natural world
in Gainsborough's representation of St. George and the Duke of Buccleuch, there is an emotional relationship with their dogs as affectionate companions
a kind of epitome of refined sensibility
painting: Richard St George Mansergh - St George
playing with contrasts of portraying both a military man who is also a person of sensibility
in the opening volleys in the battle of Germantown
St. George was shot in the head
taken from the field, and trepanned, leaving him with a hole in the side of his skull
the wound was covered with a disfiguring silver plate
habitually covered by Saint George, with a black silk cap and it never healed
"he now lives with a considerable part of his head shot away, and though feeble, emaciated, and in almost constant pain, his imagination and his virtues have lost nothing of their vigor"
"his whole deportment, romance, his style of acting, seemed formed by the ideas of risk"
was very concerned with the state of workers on his state
appalled by the poverty on his state
published estate of affairs lamenting the state of Irish peasantry