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C O U R S E 
History of Rock, 1970-Present
John Covach, University of Rochester
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Punk Goes Hardcore
Notes taken on February 12, 2017 by Edward Tanguay
punk arose from an underground scene in New York
you had to be at CBGB to know that it was there
some elements of that, especially the music of the Ramones, translated into a UK scene
Malcolm McLaren put together the Sex Pistols
the bands in New York profited from this
by the end of the 1970s, groups like Talking Heads and Blondie were having pretty good success
the American industry had recast punk as New Wave
taking the danger, the anger out of the music and turned it into an aesthetic protest instead of a political protest
punk went underground
an 80s scene developed which is often called Hard Core Punk
developed out of the music of the Ramones and Sex Pistols
loud, fast, and aggressive music
with a D.I.Y. aesthetic
bands starting their own record labels and distributing and distributing those records through small, independent record stores in local and regional areas
three local punk scenes
1. Los Angeles
the discontented youth idea of the 1970s
hard to understand what they were discontented about
The Decline of Western Civilization (1980)
Penelope Spheeris
documentary of the punk scene in Los Angeles
led by Lee Ving
appeared on Saturday Night Live
"New York's Alright If You Like Saxophones"
during the performance they shout "New York Sucks"
members of the audience started slam dancing
they faded to commercial because they were afraid that a riot was breaking about
Black Flag
Greg Ginn
formed their own label, SST
released theirs and other's music
1978: Nervous Breakdown
distorted guitars
screamed vocals
profane lyrics about youthful alienation
songs are very short
entire EP last about 5 minutes
1981 Damaged
1981 The Punch Line
2. Washington D.C. / New York
different attitudes than in L.A.
more intellectual attitude toward political change
less angry ranting and more of a refined discourse
some groups anti-drug and anti-alcohol
Bad Brains
all African-American band
1982 Bad Brains
moved to New York
Teen Idles
Ian MacKaye
Minor Threat
1981 In My Eyes
3. Minneanapolis / St. Paul
more melodic
less angry on the surface
attracted a larger audience
The Replacements
Paul Westerberg
1979 formed
1983 Hootenanny
Twin/Tone label
"Color Me Impressed"
1985 "Bastards of Young"
Hüsker Dü
1984 Zen Arcade
had videos
1985 "Makes No Sense At All"
"Love Is All Around"
became the Mary Tyler Moore theme song