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C O U R S E 
History of Rock, 1970-Present
John Covach, University of Rochester
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
1980's Heavy Metal
Notes taken on September 10, 2016 by Edward Tanguay
because heavy metal became so popular by the end of the 80s
we tend to look back to the late 60s and early 70s and call a lot of that music heavy metal
because it seems to share many of the characteristics
but heavy metal music didn't begin to separate itself out from other blues-based rock music until the end of the 1970s and the early 1980s
at the time when rock music was changing under the influence of corporate rock
heavy metal wanted its own kind of distinctiveness
the term "heavy metal"
Ozzie Osborne has criticized it as not a very interesting or flattering term
Steppenwolf "Born to be Wild"
"...heavy metal thunder..."
but here they were talking more about motorcycles
1968 Iron Butterfly, "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida"
Iggy Pop
roots of Heavy Metal
Black Sabbath
Ozzie Osborne
at end of 70s, both Ozzie and Black Sabbath attained importance in the growth of Heavy Metal
where grouped in with Deep Purple and Led Zeppelin
Gothic, horror themes
dark sound
Iron Man
all players are making the same sees
dark, Gothic theme
Deep Purple
Jon Lord
Baroque influences
Ian Gillan
typical and original high scream
Led Zeppelin
when they were heavy they were very heavy
a hard-driving piece
Kiss and Alice Cooper
theatrical performances
into the bigger venues, e.g. stadiums
the image of Heavy Metal
back in the day and into the 90s
Heavy Metal musicians and fans did not get much respect
the music was thought of as being very simple-minded
the people who listened to it were thought of as being not particularly sophisticated
the music was marked as blue collar, working class
people prone to violence
called headbangers
but as music consumers who were not very sophisticated, they were happy to be called head bangers
positive stereotypes: Wayne's World
honesty, loyalty and unselfish devotion to partying
they are the lovable Heavy Metal fans
not the sharpest knife in the drawer
but likable guys
negative stereotypes: Beavis and Butt-head
ignorant, vulgar, and lazy
these stereotypes can still be used today to indicate a certain personality and place in the culture
the rise of Heavy Metal
in two places
1. the United States centered around Los Angeles
if you were an American kid wanted to play guitar in the popular music business at the end of the 70s, you probably ended up going to Los Angeles
it was like every guitar player was in Los Angeles
Van Halen
1978 Van Halen
David Lee Roth on lead vocals
1984 "1984"
David Lee Roth leaves
1986 "5150"
Sammy Hagar
"Why Can't This Be Love"
Quiet Riot
1983 Metal Health
"Come On Feel the Noize"
2. the UK centered around London and the north of England
The New Wave of British Heavy Metal
Black Sabbath
1968 formed
1977 Ozzy leaves
replaced him with Ronni James Dio
1980 Heaven and Hell
1981 Mob Rules
Ozzy Osbourne
1977 recruits Randy Rhoads as guitarist
1980 Blizzard of Ozz
1981 Diary of a Madman
both Black Sabbath and Ozzy leading the way
other bands getting down to the core of what Heavy Metal really was
Judas Priest
1968 formed in Birmingham
1979 Hell Bent for Leather
1980 British Steel
Breaking the Law
Living After Midnight
Iron Maiden
1975 formed in East London
1982 Number of the Beast
Def Leppard
1977 formed in Sheffeld, central England
1981 High 'n' Dry
1983 Pyromania
1975 formed in London
never had the success the other bands had
Lemmy Kilmister, vocalist
1980 Ace of Spades
shared characteristics
virtuosic guitar solos
à la Ritchie Blackmore, of Deep Purple
and their American cousin Eddie Van Halen
the guitar solos often the showcases of these tracks
unrelentingly heavy drum beats
Los Angeles Metal
if you were an American kid wanting to play guitar in the popular music business at the end of the 70s, you ended up going to Los Angeles
it used to be New York
fighting to get into groups
provided a fertile ground for groups that rose up
Van Halen
1978 Van Halen
1984 1984
Sammy Hagar comes in
1986 5150
Why Can't This Be Love
Quiet Riot
1983 Metal Health
Come On Feel the Noize
originally done by Slade in the 1970s
1984 Out of the Cellar
"Round and Round"
Mötley Crüe
Vince Neil
Tommy Lee, drummer
1983 Shout at the Devil
1989 Dr. Feelgood
Los Angeles Metal
high screaming vocals
imitating singers such as Robert Plant or Ian Gillan
loud, assertive drumming
big beats
like an airline cockpit
a unison with anthem-like vocals
setting the stage for stadium sing-alongs
everyone raising their fist and singing along