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C O U R S E 
History of Rock, 1970-Present
John Covach, University of Rochester
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
1990s Metal and Alternative Extensions
Notes taken on August 30, 2017 by Edward Tanguay
ways in which heavy metal and alternative were extended in the 1990s
fusion of Rap and Rock
you would often have a rock band, but the singer would rap the lyrics, sometimes singing some of them, sometimes screaming some of them
Rage Against the Machine
helped this rap into rock transformation take hold
Los Angeles
blending hard-driving rock with mostly rapped vocals
inventive guitar playing of Tom Morello
the rapping coming from Zack de la Rocha
influenced by groups like
Faith No More
Red Hot Chili Peppers
in the way they used grooves in the music
1992 Rage Against the Machine
blueprint of what the group was going to be
a dedication to political causes
1996 Evil Empire
breakthrough, #1 in the United States
Bakersfield, California
make one of their trademarks was the 7-string electric guitar
not the first
used by Jazz players to give more range under a single grip
adds an extra base note
adds the low sound that was a part of their music
James Munky Shaffer
Brian Head Welch
they made the 7-string guitar popular
it became a trend by the end of the 90s
heavy, angular distortion-soaked riffs coming out of the heavy-metal tradition
singing is often rapped, sometimes screamed
1996 Life is Peachy
1998 Follow the Leader
Limp bizkit
Fred durst, vocals
Wes Borland, guitar
more 7-string and more screaming
1997 Three-Dollar Bill Y'all
1999 Significant Other
System of a Down
Rick Rubin
combined elements of political engagements of Rage Against the Machine
2001 Toxicity
Kid Rock
Detroit, Michigan
1998 Devil Without a Cause
extends the rap rock genre
more blues rock and country
industrial style
blending taped and live performances
ideas trying to be represented
avant garde disturbing
roots in British bands
Trobbing Gristle
Cabaret Voltaire
Skinny Puppy
Canadian band
Nine Inch Nails
1994 Trent Reznor
would bring musicians with him
1994 The Downward Spiral
dark and brooding
moody, frequent shifts in atmosphere
as he was doing this music, was recorded in the house where Charles Manson followers killed people
tries to pick up on the vibe of the horror of that
Marilyn Manson
Canton, Ohio
strong parallel to Alice Cooper
gothic, scary, outrageous
takes the name of a women, but its a man
fascination with the grotesque
after the middle of the 1970s Alice Cooper becomes a little bit camp and ironic
before the middle of 1970s, Alice Cooper was one scary hombre
Marilyn Manson is bringing all of the spookiness of Alice Cooper back
a hint of the absurd
when he puts the band together, he decides that every member should have the name of a female star put together with a famous serial killer
Madonna Wayne Gacy
an absurd engagement with the grotesque
1996 Antichrist Superstar
1998 Mechanical Animals
outraged conservative America
dressed like a ghoulish transvestite
albums contained vulgar and Satanic lyrics that just begged to be banned
the albums basically say, "Please, ban me, I want to be a famous bad boy."
and in large part he succeeded at this
he's anti-conformity in your face