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C O U R S E 
History of Rock, 1970-Present
John Covach, University of Rochester
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
1974-77: Punk in the UK
Notes taken on January 18, 2016 by Edward Tanguay
1974-77: punk in the UK
starts with one guy: Malcolm McLaren
the UK in the 70s
troubling financial economy
the US had the same problems
but most middle class kids in the US had enough
but in the UK a feeling of despair that they would never be able to move out of where they were
a sense of why bother, no hope
punk music is often associated with a cultural expression of this despair
in the US, punk was not so much economically focused as in the UK
Malcolm McLaren (1946-2010)
a haberdasher
owned his own shop, managed it on the King's Row
a poke-a-stick-in-your-eye kind of guy
his store: Let It Rock
later changed its name to: "Too Fast To Live, Too Young To Die"
sold biker jackets, leather-ware
sold these next to stores that had the elegant men's wear
wanted to make a bigger splash in the world
he saw the New York Dolls on television in England
supplied the red letter outfits they wore
1974 they were on the verge of breaking up
some in group addicted to drugs
others in group addicted to alcohol
and they couldn't get along with each other
group broke up
too late for Malcom McLaren to get involved
renamed his shop "SEX"
sold not only leather clothing but fetish wear
a further stick in the eye of the elegant shops near him
puts together a band called the Sex Pistols
just the name of the group is an outrageous act
the Sex Pistols become famous for their scandalous and notorious punk behavior
absolute disregard of authority
became the ultimate bad boys of popular music
Malcom McLaren gets an advance from EMI
Sex Pistols do something outrageous
EMI says you can keep the advance, we don't want you
signs with A&M Records
same thing happens, keeps the advance
finally puts the album out with Virgin Records, after getting a third advance
1977: Never Mind the Bullocks, Here's the Sex Pistols
goes to #1 in the UK
but only #106 in the US
largely unknown in 1977
played on a barge on the Thames while the Queen was being celebrated, got arrested, which was their intention
1976: Anarchy in the UK
1977: God Save the Queen
had a relatively short career
but everywhere they went in the UK, it seems like 4 or 5 punk bands sprung up from that performance
but had a very lasting and foundational effect on establishing
The Clash
Joe Strummer
as the Sex Pistols were nihilists, the Clash were political protesters
1977 The Clash
"White Riot"
in the USA, we didn't hear much about the Clash until 1980
1980 London Calling
#27 in US charts
"Train in Vain (Stand by Me)"
by this time, the punk bad boy attitude had gone underground again
so by this time, the Clash were thought of more as a New Wave group
The Buzzcocks
Pete Shelley
1978 Another Music in a Different Kitchen
The Jam
Paul Weller
looking back to Mod culture
1977 This is the Modern World
1978 All Mode Cons
emergence of women
Siouxsie and the Banshees
Happy House
The X-Ray Spex
Poly Styrene
The Slits
all woman punk group
Sex Pistols were influenced by punk in New York in the early 70s
yet punk was almost unknown then in the U.S.
but Malcolm McLaren had observed it on trips to New York
the Clash said they learned to play guitar playing along to the Ramones records
then punk gets big in the UK, and gets exported and popular in the U.S. as something new, although it had been going on in New York since the early 70s
but when punk his the U.S., it didn't stay punk for very long, but got transformed into something called New Wave