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C O U R S E 
A History of the World since 1300
Jeremy Adelman, Princeton University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
Notes taken on March 2, 2017 by Edward Tanguay
how the transformation of agrarian hinterlands upsets and changes the lives and livelihoods of a sedentary peasantry
tigers had been the subject of important ritual hunts
tigers have been for centuries a sacred animal for the Malayan
an icon of noble savagery
the gods would often take on great feline features
hunting was a ritual event
for men to display their masculinity
the traditional hunt was the chasing down of the great cat
it was a hunt, not a slaughter
humans coexisted with the tiger
depended on them
their real pest was the wild boar
the tiger kept the number of wild boars down
similar to Comanche and Buffalo
the threat to the tiger came from land
boar and deer would roam, eat plants
became prey for tigers
this was the land that Europeans wanted to use for crops
this would eliminate the food source of tigers
tigers consume large amounts of food
stock and ambush predators
rely on element of surprise
don't eat their prey in one meal
needs many deer and boar to keep a tiger alive
tiger needed much land
1860s tipping point
the opening of the Suez Canal
now Europeans could treat the frontiers in Southeast Asia in the same way as in the Americas
Mamak tribespeople
clearing Sumatra for
palm oil plantations
rice paddies
1913, Indonesia the 7th largest producer of coffee in the world
the agriculture took on an export-led grown model
single-crop plantations
the end to diversified agriculture
those that lost in this transformation
village tribes people
Malayan tigers
wiped out from Bali
rare in Java and Sumatra