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C O U R S E 
Letters of the Apostle Paul
Laura Nasrallah, Harvard University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Letters to the Corinthians
Notes taken on March 14, 2014 by Edward Tanguay
1 Corinthians
written in 52 or 54
written from Ephesos (modern day Turkey, across the Aegean Sea from Athens)
not his first letter to them
we know that the Corinthians wrote to Paul
he writes e.g. "now concerning idol food" or "now concerning spiritual gifts" indicating tha the is responding to topics they had mentioned in their leters
this letter is part of a long interaction with this community
1 Corinthians 1:10 is the theme of the letter
the rhetoric of the letter is deliberative discourse
conjoles the community towards future action
1:1-3 prescript
1:4-9 exordium of thanksgiving
1:10-17 narratio (proposition)
1:18-15:57 body of letter
15:58-16:24 conclusions
sexual behavior
what you should eat
whether they should engage in prophecy or speaking in tongues
resurrection of the body
the middle of the Pauline correspondence
we don't have to assume that the ekklesiai to which Paul wrote did not have the same opinions
we don't have the letters from the assemblies to Paul
what role did Paul have at Corinth
what support or opposition did he receive there
with the Corinthian correspondence, we have more than one letter
Paul knew this community well and it was reflected in his writing
talks about having baptized only Crispus and Gaius
Paul was not the only religious leader in this community
says that those in Corinth say that "I belong to Paul" or "I belong to Apollos" or "I belong to Cephas" or "I belong to Christ" indicating that community members thought of themselves as having been initiated by different leaders
"I myself planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth"
2 Corinthians
by the time this letter was written, tensions had built
pastiche of letters written over time and edited together later
most straightforward letters are 2 Corinthians 8-9
administrative letters
about poverty
giving money for the saints
cajoling the Corinthians and others in the region to give money
in 16 Paul talks about "carrying your gift to Jerusalem" which refers to giving money for the poor and saints in Jerusalem
2 Corinthians 10-13
may be what was referred to as "the letter of suffering, anguish, and tears"
10:10 mentions that Paul's "personal presence is unimpressive and his speech contemptible" but that "his letters are weighty and strong"
Paul argues that he glorifies God in his weakness, not in his strength
refuses to accept the Corinthians' money
a defense letter
that Paul is up to being an apostle