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C O U R S E 
History of Rock, 1970-Present
John Covach, University of Rochester
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Bob Marley and the Rise of Reggae
Notes taken on June 20, 2015 by Edward Tanguay
Reggae is often grouped with black pop music of the 1970s
but Reggae music is not really African American music
it's music that comes out of Jamaica
they were close enough to New Orleans that they could get the radio broadcasts
rock and roll and R&B perhaps the most influential
tried to imitate the sounds but ending up adding a lilting rhythm
records were not easy for them to get
The Sound System Men
DJs that would play at various parties
would scratch the labels off the records they had
eventually made its way to New York
was the foundation of a lot of Hip Hop and Rap
Ska and Rocksteady
both precede Reggae
Reggae groups
The Wailers
Bob Marley
Peter Toash
Bunny Livingston
some success in Jamaica but not much
Chris Blackwell of Island Records came along
wanted to release Jamaican music in the UK
a small market
signed the Wailers
had some popularity in UK
underground in US
1973 Catch a Fire
1973 Burnin'
I shot the Sheriff
Get Up, and Stand Up
pretty much unknown in US in 1973
later was Bob Marley and the Wailers
two factors that lead to popularity of Reggae in the United States
1. in 1973, a film: The Harder They Come
starred and had sound track by Jimmy Cliff
people were exposed to Reggae
2. in 1974, Eric Clapton
Album: 461 Ocean Boulevard
had taken some time off
his come-back album
in Miami
someone gives him a copy of the Wailers, I Shot the Sheriff
he records it, it becomes a #1 hit
so the first Reggae hit that most white rockers heard was by Eric Clapton
they look into Bob Marley and the Wailers
Bob Marley becomes a rock star in the United States
when we talk about the rise of Reggae in America in the 1970s, we're really talking about the rise of Bob Marley and the Wailers
Bob Marley
1976: Rastaman Vibration
1977: Exodus
dies of cance in 1981
as his death approached he became a symbol for freedom and peace