More notes at http://tanguay.info/learntracker
C O U R S E 
Western Music History through Performance
Jonathan Coopersmith, Curtis Institute of Music
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Ancient Musical Notation
Notes taken on November 14, 2014 by Edward Tanguay
music from 1500 BC to 1300 AD
understanding the developments of this period is critical in understanding the development of music
the era not only covers music of:
Babylonians, Ancient Greece to the Renaissance
also covers the development of our musical notation
changed the way music was conceived, composed, and the way it sounded
going back almost 4000 years almost nobody was reading music as we know it today
music was rarely written down
Babylonians created the names for
basic form of notation
written with reed
fired in kiln and hardened
many of our records of cuneiform exist today because attacking armies burned the buildings which contained clay tablets which hardened in the ensuing fire and thus were preserved for posterity
Ancient Greece
there are many pictures of instruments from ancient Greek culture
players with their teachers
players of different ages
players playing in many occasions and situations
rarely does it show anyone looking at a tablet or playing from any written notation
most learned to play by ear through oral tradition
music was memorized or improvised
developed intervals and systems of scales
also much written about the philosophy of music in society
how music should be taught
when certain scales or ranges should be used
the role of music in schools was discussed
warned that we should be cautious of any fundamental changes in music
everyone needed to study music but only to become educated and develop character
when you become a professional, it becomes competitive, which is bad for one's character
to be paid to perform music is degrading to one's character
fewer than 50 musical pieces or parts of pieces from 350 BC to 400 AD exist
Seikilos column
musical setting on tomb stone
short but one of the oldest musical pieces
Greek text with letters on top representing the musical pitches
Greek letters stand for notes
discovered in 1883 in Turkey
now in National Museum in Denmark in Copenhagen
much of Greek music and its notation was forgotten until the Renaissance
almost a thousand years later