More notes at http://tanguay.info/learntracker
C O U R S E 
The Modern World: Global History since 1760
Prof. Philip Zelikow, University of Virginia
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
1950-1952: The Cold War Comes to Main Street
Notes taken on July 6, 2014 by Edward Tanguay
societies all over the world by the early 1950s were realizing that WWIII had almost come in the Korean War, and could now come at any time
societies began to prepare for WWIII and to survive WWIII
what did the general sense that WWIII was coming do to political culture?
overwhelming national mobilization
profound insecurity that general war could come at any time
future wars would be able to touch any community in the United States in the age of the atom bomb
Americans decide that they are going to have to keep Korea from happening again in Germany
move forces to Germany in strength
a commitment of American ground forces in Germany dates from this period and lasts for forty years
this set up a kind of metaphorical American trip wire which meant any forward move into West Germany would be a move against the United States
1950-1952: the Cold War comes to Main Street
before 1950 for most people of most countries, the Cold War was a foreign policy thing, an abstraction that involved far-away countries and geo-political chess games
now WWIII could come to any community anywhere
film: Duck and Cover
made my American civil defense agencies shown to American school children all over the country
beginning in 1951 and throughout the 50s
taught how to survive the sudden onset of WWIII
it was a cost-benefit analysis whether to show this film or not
what is certain is that with this film, you will certainly scare elementary children throughout the whole nation
you may potentially save some lives
the act of "ducking and covering" could be useful in conferring a degree of protection to practitioners outside the radius of the nuclear fireball but still within sufficient range that by standing upright death or serious injury is certain
this procedure would also protect against non-directly-atomic dangers such as smashing glass and hurled objects from the blast wave
when people are indoors, running to windows to investigate the source of bright flashes in the sky still remains a common inquisitive human response to experiencing a flash
similar instructions as presented in the Duck and Cover film are contained in the British 1964 Civil Defence Information Bulletin
the film shows the apparatus of defense that has to be in every American community
the shelters
the sirens
the civil defense employees
this gives a sense of national mobilization
the film also instills into children the idea that all-out war may come at any time, anywhere, even without warning, and that there is very little you can do to be safe other than to cover your head
this is another kind of insecurity that a whole nation experienced, especially a nation who used to believe it was sheltered by its oceans